Pelvic Fracture Interpretation


Pelvic Fracture Interpretation

A hip fracture, also known as a proximal femur fracture, is a fracture or break in the upper thigh bone near the hip joint. The hip joint is the part that connects the femur to the pelvis.

Based on its position, hip fractures are divided into 2 types. Fractures that occur in the part of the femur that lie inside the joint socket are called intracapsular, and fractures that occur outside the socket are called extracapsular.

Pelvic Fracture Triggers

Proximal femur fracture

This is usually the result of a fall or a direct blow to the pelvis. However, there are also some medical conditions that can cause fractures of the proximal femur, namely:

• Osteoporosis.

• Cancer.

• Pressure injuries.

All three can make bones brittle, making the pelvis more susceptible to fractures. In certain cases, hip fractures can still occur even if a person just stands and twists his body.

Aspects of Hip Fracture Risk

Apart from age and osteoporosis, most of the other factors that may occur are the risk of another sufferer in front of the proximal femur, including:

• Gender. Depletion of the hormone estrogen during menopause makes women exceed bone density faster. That's why women have a greater risk of hip fracture than men. It is estimated that about 80 percent of patients with hip fractures are women.

• Nutritional deficiencies. Calcium and vitamin D are two nutrients that are needed for the manufacture of strong bones. Deficiency of these two consumptions can increase the risk of hip fracture.

• Lack of movement. Exercise is very good for improving bone health. Types of exercise that require a lot of weight-bearing, such as walking and running, can strengthen muscles and bones. On the other hand, lack of exercise can increase bone density, decrease and become weak. However, avoid engaging in high-risk types of exercise, as this can increase the risk of hip fracture.

• Certain health problems, such as endocrine and digestive problems can reduce the body's ability to absorb vitamin D and calcium.

• Cigarettes and liquor. 2 This unhealthy routine can limit the process of bone creation and restoration, thereby stimulating bone fragility.

Indications of a hip fracture

Indications for a proximal femoral fracture include:

• Unable to move after falling.

• Severe pain in the pelvis or thigh.

• Unable to lean on the injured side of the leg.

• Stiffness, bruising and swelling in and around the pelvic area.

• Unequal leg length, generally the injured side is shorter than the other side

• The foot goes out on the side of the injured leg.

These signs usually occur after a fall. However, if you have brittle bones due to osteoporosis or other problems, you can face a hip fracture without falling first.

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